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IMG - Animals in School

Policy IMG

Adopted: February 16, 2017
Amended: N/A

The Hopkinton Public School District is committed to providing a high quality educational program to all students in a safe and healthy environment.

School Principals shall utilize the Department of Public Health publication “Guidelines for Animals in Schools or on School Grounds" and review student health records to determine which animals may be allowed in the school building.

Educational Program

No animal shall be brought to school without prior permission of the building Principal. Use of animals, including classroom pets or therapy dogs, to achieve educational objectives may be allowed by the building Principal, provided student health and safety is not jeopardized and the individual requesting that the animal be brought to school is responsible for adhering to the "Guidelines for Animals in Schools or on School Grounds" and any other conditions established by the Principal to protect the health and well-being of students.

Student Health

The health and well being of students is the District's highest priority. Animals may cause an allergic reaction or otherwise impair the health of students. No animals may be brought to school or kept in the school, classroom, office or common area that may negatively impact the health of any student who must utilize that area. Animals that cause an allergic reaction or impair the health of students shall be removed from the school immediately so that no student shall have his/her/their health impaired and each student shall have full access to available educational opportunities.

Animals Prohibited from School

Any fur-bearing animal is susceptible to rabies, a very serious and fatal disease. Infected animals can transmit this disease to students and staff. Based on the Massachusetts Departments of Health and Education recommendations the following animals are prohibited from schools within the Hopkinton School District.

Wild Animals and Domestic Stray Animals - Because of the high incidence of rabies in bats, raccoons, skunks, foxes and other wild carnivores, these animals should not be permitted in school buildings under any circumstances (including dead animals).

Poisonous Animals – Venomous spiders and insects and poisonous snakes, reptiles and lizards are prohibited for safety reasons.

Because of the high risk of salmonellosis and campylobacteriosis from baby chicks and ducks, these animals are inappropriate in schools without education on safe and proper handling procedures. Transmission of these diseases from chicks and ducklings to children is well- documented.

Although small rodents are considered to be low risk for rabies, all mammals are susceptible to rabies infection. Classroom pets, particularly mammals, should be kept exclusively indoors in order to prevent interaction with wild animals that may be infected with rabies. Students and their parents or guardians who volunteer to foster classroom pets during school vacations and summer, should be educated on this risk and policy.

Service Animals (Guide or Assistance Dogs)

The Hopkinton School Committee does not permit discrimination against individuals with disabilities, including those who require the assistance of a service animal. The District will comply with Massachusetts law concerning the rights of persons with guide or assistance dogs and with federal law and will permit such animals on school premises and on school transportation. The dog must be wearing an up-to-date rabies tag on its collar.

For purposes of this policy, a “service animal includes any dog that has been individually trained to do the work or perform tasks for the benefit of an individual with a disability.” The regulations further state that “a public entity shall make reasonable modifications in policies, practices, or procedures to permit the use of a miniature horse by an individual with a disability if the horse has been individually trained to do work or perform tasks for the benefit of the individual with the disability.”

Service animals perform some of the functions and tasks that individuals with disabilities cannot perform themselves. Service animals are not pets. There are several kinds of service animals that assist individuals with disabilities. Examples include, but are not limited to, animals that:

  • Assist individuals who are blind or have severe sight impairments (“seeing eye dogs” or “guide dogs”)
  • Alert individuals with hearing impairments to sounds;
  • Pull wheelchairs or carry and pick-up items for individuals with mobility impairments; and
  • Assist individuals with mobility impairments with balance.

The District shall not assume custody, or take control of or responsibility for, any service animal or the care or feeding thereof. The owner or person having custody and control of the dog shall be liable for any damage to persons, premises, property, or facilities caused by the service animal, including, but not limited to, clean up, stain removal, etc.

If, in the opinion of the School Principal or authorized designee, any service animal is not under the control of its handler, the service animal may be excluded from the school or program. The service animal can also be excluded if it presents a direct and immediate threat to others in the school. The parent or guardian of the student having custody and control of the animal will be required to remove the service animal from District premises immediately.

If any student or staff member assigned to the classroom in which an service animal is permitted suffers an allergic reaction to the animal, the person having custody and control of the animal will be required to remove the animal to a different location designated by the Building Principal or designee and an alternative plan will be developed with appropriate District staff. Such plan could include the reassignment of the person having custody and control of the animal to a different classroom assignment. This will also apply if an individual on school transportation suffers an allergic reaction. In this case, an alternate plan will be developed in coordination with appropriate school, District, and transportation staff and will include the involvement of the parents/guardian of the students.

When a student will be accompanied by a service animal at school or in other District facilities on a regular basis, such staff member or such student’s parent or guardian, as well as the animal’s owner and any other person who will have custody and control of the animal will be required to sign a document stating that they have read and understood the foregoing.

The Superintendent of Schools or his/her/their designee shall be responsible for developing procedures to accommodate a student’s use of an assistance animal in District facilities and on school transportation vehicles.

Cross References:

Department of Public Health "Guidelines for Animals in Schools or on School Grounds"

Procedure References:

Buildings and Grounds Handbook

School Committee Policies